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Tuesday, August 25, 2015

The Art of Creating Community

I’ve had many conversations over the years with Family Development colleagues and others about the joys of creative expression, such as cooking healthy and delicious meals, storytelling, and making music, crafts, or art. Educators certainly know these hands-on activities facilitate learning and skill-development. Recently, I was inspired by the ways that working together on artistic activities, or displaying them in public spaces where people gather, also facilitates creating community.

Word Matters: Tiny Traps — Perplexing Pronouns

“The ladies of the church have cast off clothing of every kind, and they can be seen in the church basement Friday afternoon.”

Bad writing does occasionally provide a welcome moment of hilarity, as this example from a church bulletin cited in the book “Sin and Syntax” shows. But mostly, bad writing is confusing — and we want our writing to be clear.

Unfortunately, the potential to create murky prose lies everywhere in the process of writing. Some “opportunities” to confuse readers occur at the big-picture, structural level, while others occur at the word, phrase, or sentence level. The latter fall under what I’m calling the “tiny traps” of writing.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Taking Time to Reflect — and Meet Grand Challenges

What feelings does this image provoke for you? I used to feel irritation, but now I feel something quite different — pride.

Celebrate ADA Anniversary by Tearing Down 'Virtual' Barriers

First of a bimonthly Family Matters column on electronic content accessibility

I recently read an eye-opening article in the Wall Street Journal with an eye-opening headline: "The Challenges of Surfing While Blind." The article was written by DeAnn Elliott, a Boston-based disability advocate who is legally blind. She wasn't writing about surfing on the ocean, though. Instead, she was writing about surfing the Internet.

Elliott no longer sees a computer screen well enough to use a mouse to point and click. Instead, she uses software that reads the screen to her in a voice that she says “sounds like Stephen Hawking's." The software relies on text labels that identify photos and other graphical objects on screen, such as buttons, charts, and maps.

Unfortunately, the map Elliott confronted didn't include any text labels, known as “alt-text” in web speak, that the screen reader could "see." Elliott described the map as a “brick wall,” and wrote that being asked to click on it (instead of choosing her home state from a list) was "akin to being in a wheelchair and encountering a flight of stairs."

Why am I repeating Elliott's story? Because this year is the 25th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which is a good time to think about what disabled people face every day. It's also a good time to think about the ADA's impact.

On one hand, there's much to celebrate. The signs of ADA's impact are everywhere — designated parking spots, wheelchair-accessible public transit, ATMs marked with Braille, blinking fire alarms and phones, widespread closed-captioning — to name a few. All these changes have improved the lives of millions.

On the other hand, problems remain. According to July 2015 figures from the U.S. Department of Labor, workforce participation for people with disabilities was 19.8 percent, compared with 69 percent for people without a disability. Clearly, discrimination in hiring practices persists.

Where FD Can Best Help

Another problem is that, while the ADA has removed many physical barriers for disabled people, too many “virtual” barriers remain. And the virtual world of email, websites, and other forms of electronic communication is where we, the staff and educators of Family Development, can make a significant contribution toward fulfilling the ADA’s mission of enabling disabled people to participate fully in the workforce and their communities.

The ADA challenges us to make the content of electronic communication modes accessible to people of all abilities — modes such as websites and email, and content such as text, images, charts, videos, and audio clips. In FD, we’re already working to improve what we’re calling “virtual accessibility” — things like providing written transcripts for videos and audio clips, as well as closed captions for videos that are proofread by humans, not just generated by voice recognition software.

But we can, and should, do more to ensure virtual accessibility. Fortunately, there are numerous places to go for tools and resources for use in creating accessible electronic content.

We’ll talk about those tools and resources in future columns. For now, we simply ask that you keep accessibility top of mind whenever you create content for electronic delivery and ask FD Project Manager Heather Lee or Web Production Assistant Ruth Ellis for guidance.

It’s also important to remember people like DeAnn Elliott when you're creating electronic content. Then you'll do things like include in your web edits alt-text to an image or graphic or underline hyperlinks so visually impaired and color-blind people will see them (with or without use of adaptive technology).

In these ways, we can build an on ramp, instead of a brick wall, for disabled people who want to access the valuable information and resources offered by Family Development.

Mary Vitcenda, Senior Editor

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Family Matters Lite: August

This week, we feature two articles, responses to the recent Obergefell v. Hodges Supreme Court ruling. Many thanks to Graduate Research Assistants Dylan Galos and Eugene Hall, Associate Professor and Extension Specialist Jenifer McGuire, and Senior Editor Mary Vitcenda.

When a Country Redefines ‘Family’

On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) made a historical decision in the case of Obergefell v. Hodges, ruling that state laws prohibiting same-sex marriage are unconstitutional. This decision, which has implications for the work we do in Family Development, is not the first time that the definition of marriage has changed, nor is it the first change that took a long time (this movement in the U.S. began in earnest several decades ago). Many people once considered interracial and interfaith marriage unthinkable, and interracial marriage was once illegal in a number of states. Read more »

The Definition of ‘Family’ is Changing, and It Matters to Our Work

In addition to expanding the definition of marriage, the ruling on who can marry whom also changes our definitions of family — we touched on that in the first of these two articles. While it’s important for family researchers, evaluators, and practitioners in FD to understand policy changes emanating from the Supreme Court ruling, our focus must be on how those policy changes affect our focus on inclusivity. As we consider this expansion in the definition of family, we in Family Development have to find ways to expand our capabilities to include sexual and gender minority (SGM) families in our work. Like so many other issues in research, this one begins with discussing assumptions. Read more »
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